Internet of things commonly abbreviated as IOT is a network of internet-connected objects able to collect and exchange data. Any device or object that can collect and exchange data over a network are referred to as “connected devices” or “smart devices” and are part of internet of things. The IOT may be a hot topic in the industry but it’s not a new concept. It has been in development for decades. The first internet appliance, for example, was a Coke machine at Carnegie Melon University in the early 1980s which could report its inventory and also could tell whether newly loaded drinks were cold.
Today IOT is everywhere around us, smart cars which drives themselves are IOT, smart phones and computers bringing doctors and patients together virtually are IOT, smart buildings that reduces energy costs are IOT, its a world of things.. making a world of difference. According to Gartner, Inc. (a technology research and advisory corporation), there will be nearly 20.8 billion devices on the Internet of things by 2020. ABI Research estimates that more than 30 billion devices will be wirelessly connected to the Internet of things by 2020. Here are 5 IOTs which have made our life simpler
Wearable’s (Smart Watch/ Heart Monitor/ Headphones/ VR)
2.1 Problem and Solution
- For most of the people, it is not possible to carry smartphones during activities like jogging, swimming etc. we can not use smartphones as our fitness monitor because we cannot wear it, so people wanted a device which can be continued in contact with the human body and provide complete monitoring of health-related issues.
- As the name suggests, Wearable devices are quite handy and easy to use, we can wear them while jogging and swimming, we don’t need to carry our smartphones everywhere. Plus some of these devices can be used as a fitness tracker and they can be connected to our smartphones.
2.2 Basics of Wearable’s
In a 2002 report titled Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance, the U.S. National Science Foundation predicted that, within the next two decades, “Comfortable, wearable sensors and computers will enhance every person’s awareness of his or her health condition, environment, chemical pollutants, potential hazards, and information of interest about local businesses, natural resources, and the like.” Twelve years later, the future that the National Science Foundation predicted is starting to emerge.
Smart Home (Apple Home Kits)
3.1 Problems and Solution
- Forgot to switch off the lights at home which leads to large electricity bills.
- Always risk of theft in house.
- Users spends a lot of money for owning a house.
- Automate lights and control them from anywhere so can save money on energy bills.
- Easily secure your home.
- The cost of owning a house is the biggest expense in a homeowner’s life. Smart Home products are promised to save time, energy and money.
3.2 Basics of Smart Home
Smart Home technology intelligently gives you ultimate control over your home by automating the lighting system, dimming, blinds, electrical appliances, audio and security systems. Smart homes connect all the devices and appliances in your home so they can communicate with each other and with you.
4.1 Problems and Solution:
- Traffic Accidents
- Weather warnings
- This technology will help to reduced traffic accidents, Lighting controllers that use connected vehicles as sources of data. This source of data will help to reduce non-alcohol-related traffic accidents by as much as 80 percent.Sensor-enabled lamps connected to the Industrial Internet with the ability to monitor traffic, get severe weather warnings and even spot empty parking places. Crime could be next on the list.
4.2 Basics of Current “Energy-as-a-service”
In October 2015, GE launched “Current”. What is basically Current in term of technology, It’s a startup that combines energy hardware with a digital backbone to make power simpler and more efficient for customers.
Former IBM Watson executive John Gordon just became Current’s first chief digital officer. A brief introduction about IBM Watson is “IBM Watson is working with businesses, scientists, researchers, and governments. With Watson, we can analyze and interpret all of our data, including unstructured text, images, audio and video”.
- What’s the idea behind Current?Let’s look at intelligent lighting. What could be intelligent lighting? It’s the equivalent of the cell phone in the industrial world. Once the cell phone added data connectivity, GPS, a camera and a microphone it became a platform for innovation. It put all those sensors on a single platform and enabled developers to drive all kinds of innovation for consumers that many of us would never have thought of. lighting is already everywhere, it could be great source for innovation in the commercial, industrial, and city markets. Our intelligent LED street lamps can already see and hear things and measure air quality.
- How will it happen?They developed the core LED lighting technology with sensors. Then we can add analytics and the initial set of software solutions that will inspire the industry. The goal is to open up this intelligent lighting environment as a platform for innovation in the industrial world. Now we have a question in our mind is that.
5.1 Problems and Solution
Basics of driverless
An autonomous car (driverless car, self-driving car, robotic car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Autonomous cars can detect surroundings using a variety of techniques such as radar, lidar, GPS, odometry, and computer vision. Advanced control systems interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage. Autonomous cars have control systems that are capable of analyzing sensory data to distinguish between different cars on the road, which is very useful in planning a path to the desired destination.
6.1 Problems and Solution
- There are many industries where a lot of time and money was spent to survey remote areas plus it was not possible or very risky for humans to monitor or examine things in dangerous working conditions.
- For example monitoring locations for gas emissions, oil spills and damage, inspecting large boilers at power plants, monitoring the health of panels on solar farms, monitoring crops for diseases acros very wide spread fields.
- Drones have come to rescue and proved very helpful in surveillance of all sites where it was very difficult / dangerous / time consuming / costly for humans to reach.
6.2 Basics of Drone
Drones have a long history as killer machines providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance for war managers. But over the years, their appeal has continued to extend beyond the corridors of military power. Commercially useful drones are not just remote-controlled aircraft, but, equipped with avionics, connections to ground control stations, sophisticated internal sensors that measure everything from yaw to acceleration, and GPS location capability. They are unmanned aircraft systems with increasing autonomy, whether fixed wing or rotary. With the advancement in drone technology, many companies have started putting sensors in their drones for collection of data. This data they collect can be used for various purposes.